- A bully is “someone who takes advantage of another individual that he or she perceives as more vulnerable.”
- Targets are also known as “victims” in bully situations
- The act of bullying is often repetitive and habitual
- For bullying to take place, either the aggressor or the victim will believe an imbalance of social or physical power exists.
- Justifications and rationalizations include differences in social class, race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, appearance, behavior, body language, personality, reputation, lineage, strength, size, ability, and more
- Bully behaviors include: verbal harassment, verbal threat, physical assault, coercion. They may direct these behaviors towards specific targets repeatedly.
- Verbal: Name-calling, teasing.
- Social: Spreading rumors, leaving people out on purpose, breaking up friendship.
Who does bulling affect?
- Damage to the victim/target:
- Fear of going to work/school
- Physical symptoms of illness
- Diminished ability to work/learn
- Damage to the bully(s): If these behaviors are allowed to continue, they can escalate into even more serious behavior, such as sexual harassment or criminal activity in higher grades and in adulthood.
- 40% of those identified had three or more arrests by age thirty.
- Bullies, one study shows, are at even greater risk of suicide than their targets.
- Bullies often grow up to perpetuate family violence.